Science

Edible 3 Types of Rocks Activity and Rock Cycle for Kids

One of my kids favorite ways to learn a new concept is with food! So when we were learning about the types of rocks for kids, I knew they would get more excited and remember it better if we did an edible rocks project! I came up with this starburst candy project to teach children about the 3 types of rocks! Use this rock activity to learn about the rock cycle for kids from preschool, pre-k, kindergarten, first grade, 2nd grade, and 3rd graders too!

One of my kids favorite ways to learn a new concept is with food! So when we were learning about the types of rocks for kids, I knew they would get more excited and remember it better if we did an edible rocks project! I came up with this starburst candy project to teach children about the 3 types of rocks! Use this rock activity to learn about the rock cycle for kids from preschool, pre-k, kindergarten, first grade, 2nd grade, and 3rd graders too!

Types of Rocks for Kids

Make learning fun, exciting and memorable with this edible rock science project for elementary age kids! Children will learn about the three types of rocks – sedimentary, metamorphic, and igneous as you use starburs. This is a very simple, crude model – but it is effective in helping preschoolers, kindergartners, grade 1, grade 2, and grade 3 students learn basic differences between rock formations. Whether you are a parent, teacher, or homeschooler – you will love using these rock activities for kids to learn about the rock life cycle.

creating our sedimentary rocks, metamorphic rocks, and igneous rocks

3 Types of Rocks

Before we dive into creating our sedimentary rocks, metamorphic rocks, and igneous rocks we need to make sure we all know what the three categories rocks are mostly divided into. Rocks are divided into categories by geologists based upon how they are formed.

  • Igneous Rocks  – Igneous rocks come from melted rock material, or magma, that lies beneath Earth’s surface.  Examples are andesite, basalt, dacite, obsidian, pumice, rhyolite, scoria, and tuff.
  • Sedimentary rocks – These rocks often start as sediments carried in rivers and deposited in lakes and oceans. When buried, the sediments lose water and become cemented to form rock. Examples are sandstone, limestone, and shale.
  • Metamorphic rocks – Metamorphic rocks start as one type of rock (igneous or sedimentary) and with pressure, heat, and time they gradually change into a new type of rock. Examples of metamorphic rocks are gneiss, slate, marble, schist, and quartzite

edible rocks

Edible Rocks

I love simple science projects that use things I have on hand. I had leftover candy from Halloween so I decided to use it to teach about rocks for kids instead of my kids eating sugar, which they really didn’t need! Here is what you’ll need:

  • Starburst – 3 different colors
  • wax paper
  • aluminum foil
  • oven

3 Types of Rocks

Rock Cycle for Kids

Start out by making a sedimentary rock. To make an edible sedimentary rock out of Starburst candy you will need to unwrap three different colored candies. Stack them on top of each other. Each of these colors represent a different sediment or material that with pressure and time will become a sedimentary rock.

Place a piece of wax paper on top of the stack so the candy is covered. Using the heel of your hand try to smash the candy as flat as you can get it.

sedimentary rock for kids edible project

Sedimentary Rock

You now have created your sedimentary rock model.

metamorphic rock for kids edible project

Metamorphic Rock

To make our metamorphic rock we are going to once again stack up the starburst candy, this time on wax or parchment paper on a cookie sheet. We did ours in the same order so that we could visually see the difference when we were only changing one variable.  Put the stack in the oven at 350 F for just a minute or so, just enough for the candy to become malleable. Remember the cookie sheet will be hot so have a parent help you using a pot holder. The combination of heat and pressure helped create our model.

igneous rock for kids edible project

Rock Activity

Finally, its time to make our model of an igneous rock. On wax paper make yet another candy stack and wrap it in foil and wax paper like before.

Have the adult put this in the oven for several minutes, longer than you did to make the igneous rock. We want the candy to melt and become a liquid like it would be in the center of the Earth in the hot magma core. Have an adult remove the candy and open the foil. Stir with toothpick to blend colors as it would no longer resemble the previous rock, but would be a completely new rock. Set it aside for several minutes and allow it to cool. IT WILL BE EXTREMELY HOT!

Once the melted candy hardens, this will represent our igneous rock.

Rock Activities for Kids

Rock Activities for Kids

All three rock types can become the other in the rock cycle. I bet you didn’t know what rocks had a life cycle just like animal life cycles!

Young kids are naturally fascinated by various shapes, colors, and sizes or rocks they find. Turn that natural curiosity in to a study about types of rocks for kids! This hands-on rock life cycle project will help children learn about what are the 3 types of rock and how they are different. In this rock activities for kids, students will make edible rocks that are Sedimentary rocks, Metamorphic rocks, and Igneous rocks and the rock life cycle in a fun, meaningful way! Use this rock science project with preschool, pre-k, kindergarten, first grade, 2nd grade, and 3rd graders too! These fun, free printable Types of Rocks worksheets are a great way to learn about the different rocks that can be found on our planet Earth! These rock  printables allow kindergarten, first grade, 2nd grade, 3rd grade, and 4th grade students to learn about igneous rocks, metamorphic rocks, and sedimentary rocks. Also included is rock life cycle information with rock cycle diagram worksheet. SImply print the the rock cycle worksheet and you are ready to learn with handy science worksheets for kids. One of my kids favorite ways to learn a new concept is with food! So when we were learning about the types of rocks for kids, I knew they would get more excited and remember it better if we did an edible rocks project! I came up with this starburst candy project to teach children about the 3 types of rocks! Use this rock activity to learn about the rock cycle for kids from preschool, pre-k, kindergarten, first grade, 2nd grade, and 3rd graders too!

Rock Activities

simple-machines-for-kids human body playdough mats Walking Water Science Experiment food experiments

Fun Science Experiments

Here are some of our most popular lessons and activities or see all our science for kids conveniently sorted!

weather-unit volcano science experiment pipe clean constellatino activities Burning-Candle-in-Water-Experiment

Science Exeriments for Kids

Looking for lots more fun, science experiments for kids? You’ve GOT to try some of these outrageously fun science experiments for kids! We have so many fun, creative and easy science experiments for elementary age children:

How to Make a Newton's Cradle Vinegar and Baking Soda Rocket parts-of-the-brain-for-kids drawbot project for kids

Easy Science Experiments

Explore our science projects based on all science for kids, types of free science lessons, or seasonal science experiments.

Make learning about the 3 types of rocks for kids FUN with this simple, edible rocks project! Learn about rock cycle with this science activities!

About the author

Beth Gorden

Beth Gorden is the creative multi-tasking creator of Kindergarten Worksheets and Games. As a busy mother of six, she strives to create hands-on learning activities and worksheets that kids will love to make learning FUN! Browse through more than 200,000 pages of FREE worksheets & educational activities for kindergartners! Plus don't miss her other sites www.123homeschool4me.com and www.preschoolplayandlearn.com

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.